How is housing built in Indonesia?

How is housing built in Indonesia?

According to the data, the Indonesian real estate market demonstrated significant growth in the first six months of 2023, with a notable 47% increase in applications for housing purchases. Many individuals are choosing Indonesia as an ideal destination for relocation due to its high living standards, affordable prices and comfortable mild, climate. In addition, Indonesia is a popular tourist destination, attracting numerous investors who purchase apartments and houses here for investment. Housing can be rented out for both short and long terms and can also be resold. The appeal of Indonesia is attributed to its well-developed infrastructure and the high quality of construction. In this post, we will explore the latest and most frequently used technologies in the construction of houses.


The most common methods of building houses

In Indonesia, a variety of technologies and materials are used for housing construction. Here are a few of the most common:

  • Traditional construction using wood and bamboo. Wooden and bamboo structures are a popular construction method in Indonesia. They can be used for the construction of both residential and commercial buildings. Wood and bamboo exhibit robust strength and when properly processed, are durable and resistant to external influences.
  • Brick construction. Bricks made from clay or concrete are also widely used in the construction industry. Bricks are used to construct walls, foundations and other load-bearing structures, ensuring the strength and stability of the building.
  • Concrete construction. The use of iron beams and prefabricated concrete elements is also popular in the country. Concrete structures, known for their high strength, are utilised in various types of buildings, including multi-storey buildings and infrastructure facilities.

In recent years, Indonesia has embraced modern construction methods such as sandwich panels and monolithic construction technologies to expedite house construction, enhance energy efficiency and offer better protection against adverse weather conditions.

The selection of technology and materials always depends on several factors, including climate conditions cost and customer preferences.

How is housing built in Indonesia?

Precast concrete technologies

It‘s also worth mentioning industrial construction using prefabricated reinforced concrete elements, which is very common today in Indonesia. The essence of the technology is that the main elements of the building - walls, beams, columns and slabs - are manufactured in advance at factories or specialised production areas

 and then delivered to the construction site for assembly and installation.

The process of creating precast concrete elements encompasses the following steps:

  • Design and structure formation. The design of prefabricated elements, including their geometry and design features, is developed based on architectural plans and requirements.
  • Mould production. Moulds will be used to form reinforced concrete elements. They can be made of wood, metal or plastic and are designed to give liquid concrete the desired shape and size.
  • Concrete pouring. Fresh concrete is poured into the mould, where it’s left to harden and gain strength. This process can also use reinforcement mesh or bars to strengthen the structure.
  • Curing and dismantling of moulds. After the concrete has hardened, the moulds are disassembled, making it possible to use the completed elements. They can be further processed to achieve the required surface structure and quality.
  • Transportation and instalation. The finished elements are delivered to the construction site and assembled using special connecting materials.

The advantages of precast concrete technology include faster project completion and increased structural strength and stability. Other benefits include improved energy efficiency, reduced labour requirements and increased flexibility in building design and modifications. This approach also prevents microcracks, resulting in a more durable and smooth surface. These walls require minimal maintenance, provide good heat and sound insulation and are earthquake-resistant.

The most popular regions for buying a home in Indonesia

With a population of over 270 million people and an area of 1,905,000 square kilometres, Indonesia is a country with unique natural resources and a vibrant, distinctive culture. There are many attractive regions for living here, including the following:

  • Jakarta. As the capital and economic hub of Indonesia, Jakarta offers abundant business opportunities, a well-developed infrastructure, prestigious universities and international schools.
  • Surabaya. As the largest city on the island of Java and the capital of East Java Province, Surabaya stands out as a crucial economic and business centre. It boasts a rich history and developed infrastructure.
  • Badung is one of the districts in Bali, situated in the southern part of the island, encompassing popular resorts such as Kutu, Seminyak and Uluwatu. It’s renowned for its beautiful beaches, luxury resorts, numerous restaurants and vibrant nightlife.
  • Medan is the fourth largest city in Indonesia on the island of Sumatra. It’s the capital of the province of North Sumatra, a major trade, business and cultural centre of the region.
  • Manado. Located in North Sulawesi, the city is renowned for its stunning water natural resources. Here you can go diving and admire a variety of marine life. The region is also home to beautiful beaches, waterfalls and volcanoes.
  • Lombok. This is an island in the Lesser Sunda Islands group. Here you will find calm and secluded beaches and amazing reefs for diving and snorkelling. There are no cars. Many foreigners choose this particular location as their new place of residence.

These are just some of the best regions in Indonesia, but the final choice should depend on your preferences and needs. When purchasing local property, it’s important to consider the area's infrastructure, access to social services, climate conditions and overall quality of life.

Features of modern residential complexes in Indonesia

Residential complexes in Indonesia have their characteristics that should be considered when choosing real estate. All the modern projects provide a high level of safety for residents. They typically have 24-hour surveillance, security service and access control. Residential complexes often have a well-developed general infrastructure, including the following:

  • green spaces;
  • swimming pools;
  • fitness centres;
  • sports and children's playgrounds.

Also, various additional amenities for residents can be offered in the complexes - supermarkets, restaurants, cafês, laundry and other services.

How is housing built in Indonesia?

Buying a home in Indonesia

The Indonesian real estate market size is expected to increase from USD 61.22 billion in 2023 to USD 81.24 by 2028 at a CAGR of 5.82%. If you wish to invest in local properties or relocate, we recommend that you start searching for your future home today. Use our real estate website, which offers the latest property listings from leading agencies and trusted developers with real-time prices and verified detailed descriptions.

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